Mentimun

Mentimun or cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae (The Plant List, 2013) and has been widely acknowledged by Indonesian natives. This type of fruit is categorized as one of vegetables and processed into various food menus such as acar, asinan (pickles), gado-gado, and lalap as well as food decoration. This plant grows as a creeper and has narrow rooting that caused sensitivity towards excess and shortage of water. Its stem is hairy, wet, branched and has spirals

There are two types of known cucumber in Indonesia that are local cucumber (greenish) and suri cucumber (yellowish). The local cucumber is often consumed as vegetable, while suri mentimun is used as an ingredient for cocktails.

Nutrient contents of cucumber is listed in Table 1 below.

Table 1. Nutrient contents of 100 g fresh cucumber

Nutrient Content Unit
Energy 12 Calory
Protein 0.7 g
Fat 0.1 g
Carbohydrate 2.7 g
Calcium 10 mg
Phosphor 21 mg
Iron (Fe) 0.3 mg
Vitamin A 0 SI
Vitamin B1 0.03 mg
Vitamin C 8 mg
Water 96.1 g
Edible part 70 %

Reference

The Plant List, 2013. The Plant List Version 1.1.

Departemen Pertanian, Direktorat Jenderal Tanaman Pangan dan Hortikultura, 1996. Budidaya Tanaman Sayuran

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